Review of Educational Research, 76, 1— Use of such information is at the sole risk of the reader. How did emotions and attitudes about homework compare for TIPS and control groups? Your handbook for action 3rd ed. Part of the writing process includes pretesting the assignment. Educational Psychologist, 36 3 pp.

Therefore, these findings suggest that teams of teachers can be guided to work together to view homework as a resource that supports classroom teaching. The child and parent time and attitudinal variables included the following: Homework management reported by secondary school students: Thus, teachers were randomly assigned to the intervention and control conditions. In addition, students with teachers in Year 2 having more teaching experience tended to return more TIPS than students with teachers having less experience. This study summarizes the findings from the three studies combined, looking across the elementary and middle grades, three courses, and diverse community contexts to address three main research questions:

Parent involvement in homework: The case against homework: The full regression analyses show some effects of student background variables. Eligibility Tips for Applying Tuition and Fees.

Annotation from the Connection Collection

Specifically, they gauged their level of agreement or disagreement with the following statements: The teachers not only began to share homework tips, but also exchanged classroom teaching techniques and strategies. Some studies conducted vorhis the relationship of time on homework and achievement find that the age of the student moderates the relationship.

The authors found no differences ban achievement levels of students from three types of homework programs with the same content and same teacher, but did find differences in parent attitudes.

van voorhis homework

The purpose of this paper is to describe homwwork results of one homework intervention designed to ease some homework tensions between students and families. For example, if the assignment includes important definitions, teachers should write the following statement for students to follow: Some teachers tend to underestimate how often families are involved.


In similar analyses, homework condition did not significantly affect report card grades. Discussion This study examined whether the costs associated with the TIPS interventions are outweighed by the benefits to students, families, and teachers.

Costs and Benefits of Family Involvement in Homework

Teachers had to devote time to select or develop interactive homework assignments for the school year. For example, TIPS 2-year students reported significantly higher levels of family involvement in homewwork homework than both control and TIPS 1-year students see Table 1. Review of Educational Research, 77, — Teachers also assigned point values to questions in all TIPS assignments to provide consistency in grading across teachers. Dependent Variables The dependent variables included time, attitudinal, family involvement, and achievement outcomes.


van voorhis homework

Put another way, most families were involved in some way with their children in math on average 25 times over the course of Year 1, 18 times in language arts, and 15 times in science. Preparing educators and improving schools 2nd ed. The average previous standardized test score of students was In each activity, students and families are instructed where an interaction i. For both subjects, control and TIPS teachers generally assigned worksheets and problem sets to practice math facts and concepts introduced in class or worksheets and writing assignments for language arts.

In this study, it was interesting that the TIPS process affected standardized test scores but not report card grades. In addition, the efforts of teachers, students, and families to test the TIPS process resulted in an experience and materials that could be used by other teachers of these subjects and grade levels in the same district who conduct similar curricular units for student learning. The child and parent time and attitudinal variables included the following:.


The studies have resulted gan different time expectations for younger and older students.

The Elementary School Journal, 95, — Students reported working with their parents on schoolwork between one and three times weekly. What percent of TIPS activities were completed and how well? The studies have resulted in different time expectations for younger and older students. Although TIPS 1-year family reports were higher than control homeeork, the differences were not significant.

Costs and Benefits of Family Involvement in Homework

In addition, schools must acquire funds to pay the teachers for their professional development time in the summer and for duplicating assignments for distribution to students. Thus, teachers were randomly assigned to the intervention and control conditions.

van voorhis homework

Although developmental differences were apparent on some measures, the majority of both elementary and middle school students and families rated TIPS as a good idea.

They honework easy to understand, but you were still learning new things. Accounting for these differences, a significant TIPS effect emerged for family feelings, student attitudes, family involvement in homework, and standardized test scores.