His will contains the following provisions: Sign in or Register. The parties were in agreement for the purposes of the hearing that at the point of separation they had held the beneficial interests in the property in equal shares. There are three requirements that must exist in order for there to be a valid trust. The question requires us to consider the relationship between common law and equity. The majority held that the evidence provided no support for an inference that the parties intended a change in beneficial ownership.

It is in this respect that perhaps Jones has also missed a valuable opportunity to bring further clarification to the law. Requires a direct contribution or acceptance of mortgage liability when the property is purchased Cowcher v Cowcher [] 1 WLR Even if she had directly met the mortgage repayments this could not give rise to a resulting trust Curley v Parkes [] EWCA Civ In Lloyds Bank Plc v Rosset, Lord Bridge was of the opinion that the only act that would be sufficient would be a direct contribution to the purchase price, or the repayment of a mortgage. A court of conscience finds a man in the position of an absolute legal owner of a sum of money, which has been bequeathed to him under a valid will, and it declares that, on proof of certain facts relating to the motives and actions of the testator, it will not allow the legal owner to exercise his legal right to do what he will with his own. Kernott moved out leaving Jones with the sole responsibility of paying the mortgage and other outgoings on the house as well as raising the two children. Trusts are meant for very determined reasons, first of all to preserve property or in cases of charitable trusts, to promote charitable

Cathy wrote and signed a letter to Marlene, which contained the following sentence: As noted in the judgement of Nicholas Strauss in the High Court: May 12, Date written: Greater clarification in this respect would have been useful. The appeal to the High Court was dismissed. We only accept the best academic work that has been essxy by UK college and university students.

Where the land concerned is a family home, the courts will almost always prefer the common intention constructive trust over the doctrine of resulting trusts see Stack v Dowden [] 2 AC ; compare Laskar v Laskar [] 1 WLR Second, are sole-name and joint-name cases different, other than the starting points being, respectively, sole or quesrion joint beneficial ownership?


A PayPal account is not nessesary. This will be difficult as Jerome cannot give his account of what was said. In Lloyds Bank Plc v Rosset, Lord Bridge was of the opinion that the only act that would be sufficient would be a direct contribution to the purchase price, or the repayment of a mortgage.

Work can be downloaded instantly after payment or within 2 business days following essay submission. His will contains the following provisions: Introduction English law gives no special rights to cohabitees who are not married or in a civil partnership.

Cathy and her brother, Sean, were the esxay of a family trust, in equal shares. Her Ladyship suggested a further possibility that whatever the parties’ intentions at the outset, there may be reasons to conclude that these have now changed.

stack v dowden essay question

Here you can buy example essays, assignments, coursework, papers, eesay dissertations to help guide and support your studies. However, the case is best distinguished on its unusual facts.

Equity & Trust Law

Although there are examples of the court awarding a transfer of the property to the claimant as in Pascoe. Lena must establish that there are sufficient grounds for the court to infer the presence of an agreement to share ownership of the land.

Basically, the general principles that can be taken from the case were that, where a property is legally held in joint names, it should only be expected that joint transferees would have spelt out their beneficial interests when they intended them to be different from their legal interest. English law gives no special rights to cohabitees who are not married or in a civil partnership. Against this background, however, the proportion of married stackk families has decreased during that period from 76 per cent in to 71 per cent inwhereas cohabiting families have increased from 9 per cent to 14 per cent; Questipn This action was resisted by Jones who commenced an action for a declaration that she owned the entire beneficial interest in the property on the basis that their intentions regarding the beneficial ownership had changed since the separation which, in turn, effected a change in their respective beneficial interest in the property.


All major credit cards and currencies accepted.

stack v dowden essay question

Which Road To Rome? It is unfortunate, however, that such developments have had the consequence of adding layers of complexities to the law, as formal legal principles of proprietary ownership were, from time to time, laxed, or rejected 1 See Knight v Knight 3 Beavfor the three certainties for an expressed trust to come into existence: Before addressing the specific issues, some preliminary observations: Wilson, Focus on Families Edition, London ; It is widely known that the preponderance of relationship break-up is vowden higher amongst unmarried couples than those in formal marriage or civil partnerships- making the need for a coherent and just body of law more pressing and necessary.

Equity and Trust Law Essays

The couple subsequently cashed in a life policy enabling Kernott to pay the deposit on a separate property. The Court was concerned with a cohabitating couple who had intended to purchase their home in joint names but was advised to register it under the sole name of Ms Hurst due to his poor credit rating. In conclusion, Jones did a splendid job in clarifying the Stack principles on the presumptions and the methodologies to infer or impute a common intention in the absence of express declaration to that effect, reconciling what was reconcilable from previous case laws, 46 [] UKSC 53 at [84].

In an extempore judgment the Court of Appeal rejected that analysis. March 24, Date written: If the court is satisfied that there was an express agreement that Lena should have an interest in the house, Lena must also demonstrate detrimental reliance on this agreement.